Tag Archives: UNESCO World Heritage

Black Sun - starlings. Denmark's most famous natural phenomenon

Wadden Sea National Park UNESCO World Heritage. Year round adventures

The Wadden Sea is a natural wonder inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage list. This photo is taken from Låningsvejen to Mandø. From here you can easily look all the way to Esbjerg. It's about 20 km (12,5 miles) as the crow flies
The Wadden Sea is a natural wonder inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage list. This photo is taken at “Låningsvejen” to Mandø. From here you can easily see all the way to Esbjerg, a distance of  20 km (12,5 miles)

Amazing nature adventures in Denmark

A first impression of the Wadden Sea may be that it is an endless mudflat without life. The sea and the sky merge into one and the horizon goes on forever. But the area is full of life – so join us on an amazing wildlife experience in the Danish part of the Wadden Sea  near Ribe, Scandinavia’s oldest town. Find inspiration for tours all year round – such as culinary adventures, family-friendly outings and incredible tours for all bird and wildlife lovers.

The UNESCO World Heritage Wadden Sea in Denmark. The ebb path to Mandø – 10 km from Ribe.
The UNESCO World Heritage Wadden Sea in Denmark. The ebb path to Mandø. 10 km from Ribe.

The Wadden Sea is a natural wonder on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites

But first – let’s tell you a little about the importance of the Wadden Sea, which is a natural wonder of unique global importance. It is inscribed on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
The Wadden Sea  extends 500 km/310 miles along the North Sea coast of the Nederlands, Germany and Denmark, which makes it the world’s largest unbroken system of intertidal sand and mud flats. It is home to more than 10,000 species of plants and animals ranging from tiny microscopic creatures to snails, crabs, oysters, birds and seals – many of which are rare or endangered. In 2014, the Wadden Sea World Heritage was extended with the Danish part.

The UNESCO WADDEN SEA World Heritage logo
WADDEN SEA World Heritage logo

Read more about the UNESCO WADDEN SEA World Heritage on their own homepage: www.waddensea-worldheritage.org

A huge flock of sandpipers foraging in the UNESCO World Heritage Wadden Sea National Park
A huge flock of sandpipers foraging in the UNESCO World Heritage Wadden Sea National Park

Buffet for 10 to 12 mill. migratory birds

Twice a day the seabed is revealed by the low tide, exposing a veritable buffet for birds foraging on the mudflats. Hidden in the mud, there are up to 100,000 crustaceans, worms, snails, and clams living in one cubic metre of water, mud and sand.
10 to 12 mill. migratory waterbirds stay here every spring and autumn to rest and forage before flying on to their breeding grounds in north in spring, or back to their wintering grounds in the south in autumn.
6 million migratory birds can be present in one place at the same time.
Follow the migratory birds from the Arctic to Africa and back again in this little cartoon: Flyway Bird Migration

Giant flocks of barnacle geese forage in the Ribe marshland during autumn and spring. As the winters have not been as cold the last few years, many of them now also stay  through winter
Giant flocks of barnacle geese forage in the Ribe marshland during autumn and spring. As the winters have not been as cold the last few years, many of them now also stay  through winter

Not all birds choose to stay in the same place

“I always wonder why birds choose to stay in the same place when they can fly anywhere on earth, then I ask myself the same question”. A travel quote by Harun Yahya.
Migratory birds are capable of flying incredible distances.  An example is the small sandpiper called a red knot (Calidris canutus), which travels up to 15,000 km/9300 miles twice a year. After arriving in the Wadden Sea it weighs only 100 grams, when it leaves again its weight has increased to 230 grams.

Black sun starlings in Ribe, Denmark.See also the top photo on this blog post.
Black Sun – starlings in Ribe, Denmark. See also the top photo on this blog post.

Black Sun.
Denmark’s most famous natural spectacle

The most famous natural spectacle in Denmark is called Black Sun  (Danish: Sort Sol) and attracts thousands of tourists to the Wadden Sea National Park every spring and autumn.
Just before sunset hundreds of thousands of starlings gather from all corners of the sky to perform an impressive aerial ballet, during which they make constantly changing shapes in the sky. You can say that the starlings darken the sky, when they are circling around, that’s why we call this nature phenomenon Black Sun.

The range of the tide is almost 2 meters, so unless you are very familiar with the tides  you shouldn’t walk out on the sea bed yourself
The range of the tide is almost 2 meters, so unless you are very familiar with the tides you shouldn’t walk out on the seabed yourself

Beware of the tides. Join a guided tour

The range of the tide in the Wadden Sea near Ribe is almost 2 meters, so unless you are very familiar with the tides you shouldn’t walk out on the seabed yourself, as you might be caught too far out when the high tide starts rolling in.
We suggest that you join one of the guided tours.
At the bottom of this blogpost we have listed a number of tourguides, who arrange tours in the Wadden Sea National Park close to Ribe.

See the largest oyster in the world at Vadehavscentret ved Ribe (the Wadden Sea Centre Ribe)
See the largest oyster in the world at Vadehavscentret ved Ribe (the Wadden Sea Centre Ribe)

The world’s largest oyster found near Ribe

A staff member at Vadehavscentret ved Ribe (the Wadden Sea Centre Ribe) found the largest oyster in the world in the Wadden Sea about 10 km/6 miles from Ribe. The record is recognized by the Guinness Book of World Records.  For your chance to improve the record, you can join an oyster tour during the winter months – October, November, December, January, February, March and  April . All months with a “r” except September. You might even be lucky enough to find pearls in your oysters, like the  very lucky oyster hunter on a tour with Mandø Event who found 30 pearls in one oyster.
Fresh oysters with a little squeeze of lemon is a delicacy – a glass of champagne is the finishing touch. You can  eat as many as you want  and collect all you can carry in your bag.

A family explorer tour in the Wadden Sea National Park, UNESCO World Heritage, Ribe, Denmark
A family explorer tour in Denmark

Sea Explorer.  A family friendly activity

At first glance you won’t see many of the small animals living on the seabed, but by joining one of the most popular guided tours,  the Sea Explorer family tour arranged by Vadehavscentret in Ribe (the Wadden Sea Centre), you will see them. These tours take place in the summer months and are the perfect family tour.  Walkíng barefoot through the soft mud,  you and your children will have a blast exploring the Wadden Sea, while trying to find beach crabs, small shrimps, mud snails and all the other creatures living here.

Seal tour with a horse-drawn carriage from Mandø
Seal tour with a horse-drawn carriage from Mandø. See “Explore with a professional guide” at the bottom of this blog post

Seal tours in the Wadden Sea National Park

From August when the seals have finished breeding and feeding their baby seals the Wadden Sea Centre (Vadehavscentret ved Ribe) arranges seal tours to the seal banks. It’s a challenging  hike and you must be able to walk at least 6 km/3,6 miles on the seabed. The tour includes an introduction of the biology of the seals at the Wadden Sea Centre and tickets to the tractor bus to Mandø. Don’t forget your binoculars.
Tour operators on the island Mandø also arrange seal tours in the Wadden Sea (read: “Explore with a professional guide” at the bottom of this blog post)

Mudflat walking during sunset
Mudflat walking during sunset

A guided mudflat hike during sunset

Another adventure you will never forget is to cross the seabed on foot to the Wadden Sea island of Mandø during sunset. As you walk the 8 km./5 miles to Mandø during low-tide, the tranquility of nature surrounds you and gives you tremendous sense of peace. The quiet beauty is only interrupted by the wind and the birds and now and then by the guide’s voice explaining about things you might see during your walk.
The tour is arranged by Vadehavscentret ved Ribe (the Wadden Sea Centre Ribe) and mostly takes place during the summer months. The Mandø tractor bus takes you back to the mainland.

The Mandø tractor buses bring tourists from the mainland to the Wadden Sea island Mandø
The Mandø tractor buses bring tourists from the mainland to the Wadden Sea island Mandø

Island of Mandø – only accessible by low tide

No real roads lead to  Mandø (Mandoe), but the Mandø tractor buses – Mandøbussen and Mandø Traktorbus – bring tourists from Vester Vedsted (10 km./6 miles from Ribe) over the seabed/ebb road to  Mandø during low tide. From the beginning of May till mid-October the tractor buses departe by low tide most days, though sometimes only once per day.
It is also possible to access the island by Låningsvejen, which is usually passable for private car, though not bicycles, during low tide if the westerly wind is not too strong. It is strongly advised that you  consult tide and weather conditions before you set out. We think the best way to enjoy the island is to take one of the tractor buses.

Sheep and lambs on the Wadden Sea and North Sea island Mandø
Sheep and lambs on the Wadden Sea and North Sea island Mandø

Mandø – a paradise for nature lovers

Mandø is the smallest of the 3 inhabited Wadden Sea islands in Denmark. Around 30 people live on the island,  and they are forced to adapt their daily lives to fit in with the tides and the storm surges in the Wadden Sea.  As Mandø is the most difficult island to reach, it is an unspoiled paradise for bird and seal  watchers and those who want to collect oysters.

National Park Partner, Danhostel Ribe is a great stopover for bicycle tourists in Denmark
National Park Partner, Danhostel Ribe is a great stopover for bicycle tourists in Denmark

Cycling – a great way to get out and about in the National Park

Why not do as these five young French travelers and rent a bike at Danhostel Ribe,  and enjoy a beautiful sunset picnic while sitting on  the dike at Kammerslusen ( the Ribe Lock) – where the Ribe River flows into the North Sea (6 km = 3,5 miles).

Spend a day cycling through the Ribe Marches along Ribe River to the Wadden Sea Coast at Kammerslusen, then follow the dike along the North Sea Cycle Route south to Vester Vedsted and back to Ribe.  Approx. 25 km./15,5 miles (In Denmark is the North Sea Cycle route identical with the Danish National Cycle Route no. 1)
The National Park stretches all the way from the meadow outside the hostel and all the way to the coast, from where the area is designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. You can cycle the whole distance – bring your own bike or rent one at the hostel, where you can also get a map.
Danhostel Ribe, a National Park Partner, welcomes cycling tourists and is quality labeled with both Bed+Bike and Cycling Denmark

The view of Ribe hostel from the harbour, in winter with the flooded meadow
The view of Ribe hostel from the harbour, in winter with the flooded meadow

The National Park in Ribe, Denmark

One part of Ribe town is included in the Wadden Sea National Park, called Hovedengen (Meadow of the Heads) outside the hostel, where pirates where once decaptiated as punisment. Some of the hostel is even included in The National Park. The hostel is the only eco-friendly accredited accommodation in The National Park (Green Key, Flower or Swan) and makes it an obvious choice if you are looking for sustainable accommodation.

The guides from Vadehavscentret arrange tours that are open to anybody as well as  group tours
The guides from Vadehavscentret arrange tours that are open to anybody as well as  group tours

Explore with a professional guide:

  • Vadehavscentret ved Ribe (The Wadden Sea Centre) in Vester Vedsted 10 km./6 miles from Ribe arranges tours including Black Sun Magic, starling migration (March, September and October), other bird watching tours, Sea Explorer (Summer), seal tours (August, September and October), oyster tours ( October, November, December, January, February, March and April, mudflat hike to Mandø (summer), tours on Mandø (summer), herb picking tours for making your own schnapps.  Vadehavscentret schedules tours during periods which present the least disturbance to nature and wildlife
  • Tours from Mandø. 22 km/13,5 miles from Ribe (remember to be aware of the tides and weather conditions )
    • Mandø Event arranges tours with horse carriage in the Wadden Sea around Mandø: seal tours (May-October), oyster and champagne tours  (from September until spring) as well as sunset tours
    • Mandø Traktorbusser arrange seal tours with a tractor bus to the sand bank Koresand south west of Mandø. Koresand is flooded by high tide and can only be  visited during low tide. (May-October)
  • At the Fiskeri- og Søfartsmuseet i Esbjerg ( Fisheries and Maritime Museum in Esbjerg ) 34 km/ 21 miles from Ribe you can see the seals being fed in the sealarium every day at 11am and 2.30pm and go on mudflat walks in the Wadden Sea during July and August
  • 50 km (= 31 miles) south of Ribe (towards Germany) Sort Safari arranges  tours including Black Sun, Bird Watching, winter geese and swans tours, Oyster and Seal tours
Oyster catcher with a lugworm in its beak and a redshank in the Wadden Sea. Ribe, Denmark
Oyster catcher with a lugworm in its beak and a redshank in the Wadden Sea. Ribe, Denmark. (Photo taken on the ebb road , Låningsvejen, to Mandø)

– don’t forget to book your room

at Danhostel Ribe. Read more about the hostel: Danhostel Ribe
All rooms have bath/toilets and half of them have a view of Ribe old town and the Wadden Sea National Park

Book Online at Danhostel Ribe
Book Online at Danhostel Ribe

© Hope you have enjoyed our photos.
All photos were taken by Gudrun Rishede, Danhostel Ribe

Common Shelducks, Oystercatchers and Sandpipers

Wadden Sea National Park in Denmark is now UNESCO World Heritage

The Danish Wadden Sea National Park was inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage list  on June 23th 2014.
The list includes now a little more than 1000 natural and cultural wonders in the world.

Wadden Sea National Park in Denmark - Unesco World Heritage
Wadden Sea National Park in Denmark – UNESCO World Heritage

The Dutch and German parts of the Wadden Sea were inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 2009.

To be worthy of inclusion on this list the site must be of outstanding universal value – and “contain superlative natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance”

Common Shelducks, Oystercatchers and Sandpipers
Common Shelducks, Oystercatchers and Sandpipers in the Danish Wadden Sea National Park

Approximate 12 mill migratory birds are passing by the Wadden Sea National Park in Denmark, Germany and Holland every spring and autumn to be fed up before flying on to their breeding grounds in north in spring and back to their winter grounds in south in autumn. The Wadden Sea is the largest unbroken system of tidal flats world wide.
The cartoon “Flyway Bird Migration” follows the migratory birds on their annual cycle between Arctic and Africa: Flyway Bird Migration

Redshank and oystercatcher  with sandworm in its beak
A redshank and an oystercatcher with a sandworm in its beak in the Wadden Sea near Ribe
National Park Partner Wadden Sea
National Park Partner Wadden Sea

At Danhostel Ribe we are National Park Partners and next-door neighbour to the National Park.
The official opening of the Wadden Sea National Park took place outside the hostels windows on the “Meadow of the Heads”  on October 16th. 2010 with the participation of His Royal Highness Prince Joachim, Danish Minister of Environment Karen Ellemann and the mayor of Esbjerg Municipality Johnny Søtrup .

Inauguration of the Wadden Sea National Park Denmark.
Inauguration of the Wadden Sea National Park Denmark. From the right: HRH Prince Joachim, Danish Minister of Environment in 2010 Karen Ellemann and mayor of Esbjerg Municipality Johnny Søtrup

The Wadden Sea National Park – Denmark’s largest national park
The Wadden Sea National Park covers large parts of the coastal area between Ho Bay in the north and the Danish-German border in the south.  A distance of 100 km as the crow flies divided among four municipalities: Varde, Fano, Esbjerg and Tonder.

Sunset in the Wadden Sea National Park, Denmark
Sunset in the Wadden Sea National Park, Denmark

Unesco World Heritage in Denmark
Denmark has now 5 UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
3 cultural and 2 natural. Futhermore Ilulissat Icefjord in Greenland, 250 km north of the Arctic Circle became Natural Unesco World Heritage in 2004

The 3 Cultural UNESCO World Heritage Sites are:

  • Jelling Mounds, Runic Stones and Church (1994)
  • Kronborg Castle (2000)
  • Roskilde Cathedral (1995)

The 2 Natural Unesco World Heritage Sites are:

  • The Wadden Sea on the West Coast of Denmark (2014)
  • Stevns Cliff in southeastern Zealand (2014)
Grey Goose in the Wadden Sea National Park in Denmark
Grey Goose in the Wadden Sea National Park in Denmark

 All photos © Gudrun Rishede, Danhostel Ribe.

  • See lovely photos and a video from one of Vadehavscentret ved Ribe’s guided family tours in the Wadden Sea: Sea Explorer
  • Listen to Wadden Sea Songs, among others the National Park anthem “Gryden” (The Dip) from the launch of “Sea Scape – Wadden Sea Songs” album at Danhostel Ribe in 2013:
    Wadden Sea Music
barnacle geese
Barnacle geese in the Wadden Sea National Park

Kort dansk referat

Den Danske del af Nationalpark Vadehavet er i dag blevet UNESCO  Verdensarv sammen med Stevns Klint.
I forvejen havde følgende steder i Danmark opnået at blive optaget på Verdensarvlisten: Jellingstenene, Roskilde Domkirke, Kronborg slot,  og Ilulissat isfjord, hvis vi skal tage Grønland med.

Nationalpark Vadehavet er Danmarks største nationalpark. Cirka 12 mill trækfugle passerer nationalparken i Danmark, Tyskland og Holland i trækperioden hvert forår og efterår.
Nationalparken blev indviet på Hovedengen udenfor vandrerhjemmet i Ribe i 2010.

 

Wadden Sea Music – Wattenmeer Musik – Musik fra Vadehavet

Wadden Sea National Park and UNESCO World Heritage
June 24th 2014 UNESCO decides if the Wadden Sea National Park in Denmark will be on the list of UNESCO World Heritage in the future. If the Danish Wadden Sea succeeds in this, it will join the Dutch and the German Wadden Sea National Parks that became World Heritage as early as 2009.
While we are waiting for UNESCO’S decision we could spend a little time listening to music from the Wadden Sea.

Vadehavsmusik. Rod Sinclair Band. Sea Scape
Vadehavsmusik . Rod Sinclair Band. Sea Scape

Wadden Sea Songs
In Denmark the Scottish folk musician, Rod Sinclair, a Ribe citizen for many years, has composed several songs and music for Denmark’s largest National Park, the Wadden Sea National Park.
The most famous of the songs is the National Park anthem “Gryden” (The Dip) that first was presented at the Wadden Sea National Park inauguration on the “Meadow of Heads” outside Danhostel Ribe (2010).
In this video you can listen to Rod Sinclair Band and the song “Gryden”. Its filmed at the launch of “Sea Scape – Wadden Sea Songs” album at Danhostel Ribe in 2013 .
The second video is the title track Sea Scape. You can find the lyrics on the bottom of this page.

The song “Seafarers” will explain you why the Meadow outside Danhostel Ribe – a part of the Wadden Sea National Park – is called the Meadow of Heads. It’s about Hans Jessen a merchant from Ribe who caught Alexander Hock and his group of pirates. Alexander Hock’s men were all beheaded and their heads were placed on stakes on the Meadow of Heads.
On this link you can see another video, where Hans Jessen Søhane tells about what happened when he caught a group of pirates: Beheaded pirates on Meadow of the Heads

Members of Rod Sinclair Band: Rod Sinclair, Martin Schack, Andreas Tophøj, Anders Pedersen, Jullie Hjetland og Jacob Pedersen.
A Seascape tour is planned for April 2015. Songs can be downloaded from eg iTunes and Spotify and be purchased in Rod’s shop and at Danhostel Ribe

A Song from the German Wadden Sea National Park
The last video is a German Wadden Sea National Park Song. It’s song by Achim Reichel and is called: Trutz blanke Hans (Lyrics by Detlev von Liliencron and Music by Achim Reichel). It’s from the Album: Regenballade

DANSK REFERAT (Summary in Danish):

Nationalpark Vadehavet og UNESCO Verdensarv
Den 24. juni 2014 afgør UNESCO om Nationalpark Vadehavet i Danmark skal på listen over UNESCO Verdensarv i fremtiden. Hvis det lykkes, vil det danske Vadehav slutte sig til den hollandske og tyske del af Vadehavet, som blev Verdensarv allerede i 2009.
Mens vi venter på UNESCO ‘S beslutning, vil vi bruge lidt tid på at lytte til musik fra Vadehavet.

Sange fra Vadehavet

Den skotske folkemusiker Rod Sinclair, som har boet i Ribe i mange år, har komponeret flere sange til Danmarks største nationalpark, Nationalpark Vadehavet.
Den mest kendte af sangene er den officielle National Park hymne ” Gryden “, der først blev præsenteret ved Nationalpark Vadehavets indvielse på ” Hovedengen” udenfor Danhostel Ribe (2010) .
I den første video kan du lytte til Rod Sinclair Band og sangen Gryden , det er fra lanceringen af ​​” Sea Scape – Wadden Sea Songs ” albumet på Danhostel Ribe i 2013. Den anden video er titelnummeret Seascape . Du kan finde teksten herunder – og tekster, noder og akkorder til resten af albummet på dette link: Seascape lyrics

I Sangen “Seafarers” kan du høre, hvordan Hovedengen udenfor Danhostel Ribe fik sit navn (Hovedengen er en del af Nationalpark Vadehavet). Sangen handler om Hans Jessen en købmand fra Ribe, der fangede Alexander Hock og hans sørøvervenner. Alexander Hock og hans mænd blev alle halshugget, og deres hoveder blev sat på stager på Hovedengen langs Ribe Å.
På dette link kan du se en anden video, hvor Hans Jessen Søhane fortæller om, hvad der skete, da han fangede piraterne: Halshuggede sørøvere på Hovedengen

Rod Sinclair Band er: Rod Sinclair, Martin Schack, Andreas Tophøj, Anders Pedersen, Jullie Hjetland og Jacob Pedersen.
Der er planlagt en turne med sangene fra Seascape i April 2015. Sangene kan downloades fra bl.a. iTunes og Spotify og købes i shoppen eller på Danhostel Ribe

En Sang fra den tyske Nationalpark Vadehavet
Den sidste video er en sang fra Nationalparken i Tyskland. Sangen synges af Achim Reichel og kaldes: Trutz blanke Hans (Tekst af Detlev von Liliencron og musik af Achim Reichel). Vadehavssangen er fra albummet: Regenballade

___________________________________________________________________________________________

The first three verses of the song Seascape. Words: Rod Sinclair, tune: Martin Schack
Find more lyrics, notes and chords for the CD: Seascape – Wadden Sea Songs

Salt air over restless water and hastening clouds
Pale sunshine and dark rainstorm driven by wind
The sea outlines the sand
Time the moon and the tides
Salt water turns into land

This seascape was sung from darkness by seagulls’ cries
Built from nothing by wandering singers who gave it all names
They sang the birds in the sky
They sang the fish in the sea
They sang the beasts in the grass

Flat country breeds hard people who fight to survive
Raising homes on grassy hillocks to keep them from harm
Always lived by the sea
Always lived with the sea
The sea’s life kept them alive

When pagan Vikings in Denmark sold slaves at Viking markets in Ribe – and the buyers were Christians

Ribe Viking Market. Reconstruction of Ribe about 700 AD
Ribe Viking Market. Reconstruction of Ribe about 700 AD

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denmark’s first “pedestrian street” was founded already around 700 AD in Denmark’s oldest town, Ribe. Walking on this “pedestrian street” through Ribe Viking Market, you could meet people from North Scandinavia and South Europe; even Arab salesmen came to the Viking Market bringing exotic luxury goods as spices and pearls.
At the marketplace newcomers’ first impressions were mixes of people shouting for better sales of their goods, foreign languages, smells of food, garbage, and cow flops, and craftsmen producing all kinds of crafts from combs of bone to jewellery
from bronze, etc.
Ribe gave probably the most international impressions you could get in Denmark during the early Viking Age.
But why did this Viking market by Ribe River around 700 develop to be an enterprising metropolis with international commercial relations? And why did it quickly grow to be so big that Ribe was (maybe) the most important – town in Denmark? And why did it decline dramatically all ready again 150 years later around 850?

Slave trade could be a reasonable answer for some of Ribe’s rise around the Viking Age.
At the market it was possible to buy goods as drinking glasses, jewellery, spices, pottery, amber, leather, wool, food, wine, combs, grind stones, etc. – and PROBABLY ALSO SLAVES.
In the 150 years from 700 to 850 AD the Danes were still pagans. They believed in the old Nordic Gods such as Odin and Thor. But south of Denmark Europe was Christianized. In the early 700’s AD the Frankish Empire forced Christianity to the people around the Rhine. Christianity didn’t allow Christian people to keep Christian slaves. The Christian Church accepted slaves, but at the same time it was a good deed to free slaves. So what did they do? They probably went to their northern neighbour to get some pagan slaves.

viking-raid
Viking raid at Ribe Viking Centre

But why did Ribe decline again?
As Ribe was a major trading town it was an obvious choice for Christian missionary work. At the marketplace Christians mixed and traded with the pagan Vikings. About 855 the catholic monk Ansgar obtained some land from the Danish King Horik to build the first Christian Church in Denmark in Ribe. From now on Denmark starts to get Christianized and 100 years later, around 965 AD the first Danish king Harald Bluetooth (Harold Bluetooth) was baptized. He erected a runic stone in Jelling for his parents, King Gorm and Queen Thyra, proclaiming that he now had Christianized Denmark. This stone is now part of the UNESCO World Heritage Centre in Jelling. Well it wasn’t that easy to Christianize the Danes, for many years Christians and pagans lived side by side, but of course it became more difficult to buy slaves.
Another important reason that influenced Ribe’s situation was probably that around mid 800’s the Frankish Empire declined. After Charlemagne’s death (Charles the Great in 814) no strong central power ruled in the Frankish Empire and many wars between France and Germany continued for centuries. The European trade fell, people were getting poorer and also the first Danish Viking raids started in the late 700’s AD and when the Frisian capital Dorestad was attacked in the 830th the raids really escalated. Around 850 Ribe got surrounded by a town moat to protect the citizens. The good times for Ribe were over and didn’t return until the mid-11th century when Ribe rose again as a very important Danish Christian metropolis

Jelling rune stone. Unesco world heritage
Jelling rune stone. Unesco world heritage

I have to emphasize that we don’t know if pagan Vikings in Denmark sold slaves to Christians at Ribe Viking market – it is only a most likely hypothesis. Maybe we will get wiser when archaeologists in this month start excavations to find Ansgar’s first church in Denmark around Ribe Cathedral again, where they all ready a couple of years ago found some of the first Christian burials in Denmark. Millions have been donated for these excavations and it is possible for everybody to follow the excavations all 2011. Ribe Cathedral is 5 minutes walk from Danhostel Ribe.

Sources:
Claus Feveile: Vikingernes Ribe. Handel, magt tro
http://lindegaarden.wordpress.com/